A dissertation proposal aims to cover the research question in greater depths and also outlines the planning of your research. It houses the literature covered and what you have discussed with your professor. It must also mention the limitations that get expected in your research work, the ethical considerations, and sample data that you will use. A typical proposal has the following sections:

  • Introduction
  • The main body comprising:
  • Method of research
  • Objectives
  • Literature review
  • Limitations
  • Ethical considerations
  • Conclusion.

Importance of a proposal

It prepares you for the writing of your project. It is like a plan that will help you steer the process of writing the dissertation. Put in mind that the proposal can be subject to change in the course of writing it. There may be instances where your research questions may need fluctuations to coincide with the purpose of your research.

Steps to take before writing your proposal

The first step is always to read more on the area of your research from relevant sources. Find a topic that you have an interest in and hone in on it. Look through journals and publications to find the data that will suit you. Make sure that you note down your publications to avoid confusion when it comes to writing your bibliography.

When you do intensive reading on the subject you want to study, you will have an easier time writing it. Critically think about your sources of information as they will be critical in giving you more marks.

Before you start writing your dissertation, you must have its structure first. Here is a brief guide to assist you.


It is the first paragraph of your work, and it is where you make an introduction to your topic or subject. Write a rough but detailed background of your research area. The thesis also falls in this space, and be sure to tell the reader why the area of research that you have chosen is crucial.

Main Body

It houses the following subsections:

  • Methodology

Here you outline the methods that you will use in the collection of your data. Tell the reader about what you get set to do and how you are going to do it. Make sure you explain your reasons for the choice of the method you have.

  • Aims and Objectives

In this section, you will write the issues that you want to hone in on and state the questions that you seek to answer. Also, get the predictions that you make here.

  • Literature review

You will make your arguments in this section and connect it to a past similar research. List your sources of information here and mention how they have assisted you in coming up with the study.

  • Limitations

If you want to have informative and educative research, make sure you present the reader with the limits you will face while conducting it. It will improve the engagement with your subject and familiarize the readers with the topic.

  • Ethical considerations

State the ethical concerns relating to your work. Mention whether you have permission to use the information from your subjects.


It is not a strict rule to write a conclusion in your project, but it is a good idea to wrap up with the reasons for the choice of your topic and the expected outcomes.

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